Project Everest

The Future of FarmEd and Soil Mapping?

(Account removed)
(Account removed) | Jan 31, 2017 | in Knowledge Base

What is GIS?


GIS applications are tools that allow users to create interactive queries (user-created searches), analyze spatial information, edit data in maps, and present the results of all these operations. Geographic information science is the science underlying geographic concepts, applications, and systems.This data input  can include things that are measured on the farm, such as soil pH, soil type, soil moisture, available nutrients - and this data is an important part of precision agriculture techniques.

In a nutshell, you get a satellite image of the property and then map out the boundaries, paddocks, infrastructure, water bodies etc. on farm. GPS coordinates can help make this system more accurate as well. A key aspect that is integrated into GIS software is that it can visually display spatial and temporal variation throughout the property.


What is GUI?

GUI stands for a graphical user interface. This is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and any visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.

Different systems that can be used for farm soil mapping includes:


  • ArcGIS (
    • This is a common piece of software that is used to map and display information maps about the farms and different things in the farm. These can be layered over the top of each other and displayed on one uniform map.

    • These are more commonly used in Australia when consultancies are performed and farmers would like more Precision Agriculture

      • Precision Agriculture in GIS mapping is key, as if for example you are applying a standard rate of fertiliser across the whole farm, doing these maps can show where there are deficiencies (from extreme plant uptake) or where there is too much fertiliser applied for the plant (which can cause nutrient toxicities)

    • See the main picture used for example of a GIS farm map.

    • You do need to have training in GIS mapping to be able to do it properly and efficiently.
  • JMP

    • JMP (or ‘jump’) is another data analysis software which you can easily access your data from various sources, to using quick reliable data preparation tools and performing choice statistical analyses. This software is based around GUIs. JMP transforms numbers and geographic data into compelling images, and turns simple tables of numbers into geographical maps. JMP includes shape files for borders or many geographic regions and lets you add your own custom shapes, such as for a manufacturing plant or campus.


      • JMP is often the tech that is used in soil science to understand larger areas of information and surveying

        • If you would like more detail, I have previously done surveys in Pokolbin and done JMP soil mapping for it.

    • See attached photo for example of a JMP soil map for vineyard suitability within Pokolbin.
    • You do need to have training in JMP system mapping to be able to do it properly and efficiently.

It is also important to note that GIS technology is enhanced with the ability to have a drone to map out the farm areas. So this is something that can be integrated with the use of the drone Project Everest has.

We would like to see what the community thinks about this solution for keeping databases of farmers soil information and displaying them in formats that is easy to understand not only for the farmer, but can be of benefit to government bodies - for example, here in Fiji, the Ministry of Agriculture keeps a database of farmer's soil test results (but never distributes them back to farmers), they also do not have the funding or the manpower to keep this going. We would benefit the MoA by doing this, in exchange for potentially receiving contacts for farmers within the Sigatoka area, as well as the potential to gain access to use their soil lab for further soil testing techniques.

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edited on 31st January 2017, 21:01 by (Account removed)

Jessica Stephanie Arvela Jun 11, 2017

For July

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