projecteverest

PROJECT adopted

PROJECT OUTLINE: Fuel Infrastructure Assessment - India JULY 2019

Problem

India is competing with China for one of the fastest growing populations and economies in the world. When the population of a country grows faster than the rate of decent infrastructure and government support, harsh living conditions and a concentration of old, inefficient methods of doing things.

India’s carbon footprint makes up 7% of all greenhouse gases, due to sheer number of people and lack of consistent regulation of non-renewable resource use. In this case, the focus is on the burning of fuels for cooking.

Clean cooking helps address energy poverty and ensure sustainable energy security for billions. Based on the most recent projections by the International Energy Outlook (2017), the report says that in 2030, 580 million people will depend on solid fuels for cooking.

This is in spite of the fact that India will see a 15 per cent decline (61 per cent in 2016 to 46 per cent in 2030) in the share of the population relying on solid fuels. Despite the projected progress, nearly 580 million will use solid fuels to cook. By 2030, close to 39 per cent of the Indian population will still be dependent on solid fuels. UN projects India’s population to be 1.5 billion in 2030.

In India, women spend an hour every day collecting firewood (Clean Cooking Alliance, 2015). In 2015, the household air pollution due to wood or cow dung as cooking fuel was responsible for 124,207 premature deaths per million people in India (The Lancet, 2017). 

Social Opportunity

Sustainable Development Goals Targeted: 

Goal 3: Good Health and Wellbeing, specifically, Indicator 3.9.1 Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution

Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all, specifically, Indicator 7.1.2 Proportion of population with primary reliance on clean fuels and technology.

Non-renewable fuel sources are time-consuming to collect or expensive, there exists the opportunity to reduce the required about of existing fuel sources and to eventually replace it all together through the development of biofuels from waste, thus increasing the sustainability and longevity of the country’s impact on the Earth.

In order to achieve this, we must first understand the sources and cost of cooking fuels for people in Bhubaneswar across multiple demographics. This will enable PE Ventures to implement a business model in collaboration with other industry experts, university research and local government initiatives that will enable a cost effective and beneficial roll out of environmentally friendly cooking fuel means.

Fuel Sustainability aims to address several issues in India:
1. Environmental Sustainability – Deforestation is an issue across the globe and residential use of wood for cooking is a large contributor to the cutting down of trees in developing countries. Removal of trees reduces the Earth’s capacity to process the carbon dioxide released from human activity. Additionally, this “stored” carbon is then released when combusted. Carbon dioxide, methane and carbon monoxide is released in the burning of wood – when inefficient combustion occurs, black carbon is emitted. Black carbon is one of the top contributors to global warming.

2. Health – Respiratory issues associated with cooking are estimated to result in over 3.8 million deaths per year. Current methods of burning fuels for cooking are inefficient, cause a lot of smoke and production of harmful gases.

3. Quality of life – The smoke from inefficient combustion also results in significant discomfort during cooking, causing itchy eyes, coughing and carbon (soot) on the walls and roof.

Proposed Next Steps

Project Everest Ventures is working with local NGOs and the University of Adelaide to determine the viability of physical cookstoves that aim to reduce solid biomass requirements when cooking with wood and the viability of using bio-digester technology that will enable agriculture waste to be converted into usable biogas.

To validate a solution pathway and create a business model to support it, an assessment needs to be commissioned and conducted – this will be the main focus of the Fuel Assessment Project to determine our next steps.

The options for future direction have been pre-defined, based on PE Ventures experience and capability to deliver on an outcome. Those proposed solutions can be found in other Crowdicity Posts.

Following PEV methodologies the first step would be to engage with the proposed beneficiaries (customer segment) and understand how they articulate the role of cooking fuels in their lives (Problem) before moving to craft the value proposition and solution.

Equally important is to build a business model to sustain the ongoing provision of a socially beneficial product.

 

Andrew Vild 2 weeks ago

Status label added: PROJECT adopted

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