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Environmental Sustainability

Waste Management Consulting (ERS)

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SOCIAL OPPORTUNITY
Sustainable Development Goal Targeted: Sustainable cities and communities, responsible consumption and production

Waste Management Consulting aims to address several issues in emerging economies:

Health effects- lack of reliable government waste disposal results in harmful, toxic air due to the burning of rubbish. This negatively affects the living conditions of people residing in high density urban areas, the cities which house the majority of the population. Families and young children are particularly susceptible to the negative health impacts of frequent burning rubbish.

Environmental degradation- waste disposal that does exist in developing countries mostly results in landfill without any consideration of alternate methods. Within developing countries like Timor-Leste there is no concept of recycling let alone operational practice. At this stage there is no sustainable way to repurpose materials in Timor-Leste as an example.

Social degradation- ineffective waste management creates an eyesore in cities, reduces the attractiveness of the locale for tourists/foreign investment and sucks productive time in removal or processing. Beachside and streetside restaurants and hotels suffer from loss of customers due to the litter and burning outside. Workers in industries dependent on the environment, like scuba instructors depend on marine systems, suffer as their place of work deteriorates over time.

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Project Summary

Please find the attached project summary for both the Collection and Repurpose teams for February 2019.

by Phoebe Chilman
0 Votes
Comments 4
Phoebe Chilman
Proposal not viable

The Repurpose team in February 2019 conducted an experiment to find an outsourcing solution for our collected glass bottles. The results of this experiment have been posted here . From our investigation, we were unable to find a financially viable end-use for the glass bottles currently stored in the warehouse. Extensive research was conducted into establishing a crushing facility; the cost of establishing a local glass cullet processing plant was analysed and the capital cost...

Phoebe Chilman
by Phoebe Chilman
0 Votes
Comments 1
Phoebe Chilman

In September 2018, the Timor-Leste Government decided that a “Zero Plastic Policy” would be soon implemented throughout Timor-Leste which involves the banning of plastic bags. At the seminar when this policy was announced, the former President of the Republic, José Ramos-Horta stated that "Timor as a state, as a nation and as a community, has to carry out its own initiatives to solve the problem of plastic". One of the solutions has been to import biodegradable cassava bags from Indonesia....

Phoebe Chilman
by Phoebe Chilman
1 Votes
Comments 0
Phoebe Chilman
Waiting Approval

In February, much of the focus of ERS Repurpose has involved research into financially viable, local outsourcing options for glass and paper/cardboard in Dili. Thus far, we have been unable to find a local company to accept these materials, in addition, the capital cost involved to produce our own viable solution in large quantities would be too great. This experiment aims to gain a consumer understanding of the market for reusable products made from recycled materials in Dili. From this,...

Phoebe Chilman
by Phoebe Chilman
0 Votes
Comments 1
Phoebe Chilman

The current agreement (LOA) with Ximenes and Star Product has proven unreliable and difficult to maintain. Without adequate financial incentive to continue the transaction, other options with Verde and Heineken should be prioritised. Moving away from Ximenes to a more stable solution must be done mindfully to avoid damaging professional relationships and PEV’s public reputation. Verde present a promising partnership with PEV in the future and this option should be explored thoroughly. With...

Phoebe Chilman
by Phoebe Chilman
0 Votes
Comments 0
Phoebe Chilman

The Repurpose team in February 2019, conducted preliminary research into finding a warehouse alternative. Please read the experiment results before commencing this task. If we are to continue down the Ximenes Belo plastic bottles outsourcing option at $1.50 per FIBC bag (1000L) or $1 for one of his bags (500L), we need to minimize fixed costs. The largest cost currently is the ongoing cost of the warehouse of $150/month.   Lean Phase: Cost structure   Assumption: There...

Phoebe Chilman
by Phoebe Chilman
0 Votes
Comments 0
Phoebe Chilman

Reference to the Experiment Design Post   Lean Phase: Solution, Customer segment   Assumption: There is a want/need for collected glass within Dili/surrounding areas Results:   Glass has been a very challenging waste material to recycle within Timor-Leste. Exporting glass in bottle form for recycling is not financially viable as it has a low density and a very low price per tonne. A means to export glass is in crushed form, this has a much higher density and...

Phoebe Chilman
by Phoebe Chilman
0 Votes
Comments 0
Phoebe Chilman

Reference to the Experiment Design Post   Lean Phase: Solution, Customer segment   Assumption: There is a want/need for our collected (impending) cardboard and paper.   Results:   Many hours were spent researching the recycling process of paper and cardboard and how it can be done. To recycle paper you have two options, small scale or large scale. Small scale involves doing all processes by hand, this yields a very low output, but is a much cheaper option to start up....

Phoebe Chilman
by Phoebe Chilman
0 Votes
Comments 0
Phoebe Chilman

Reference to the Experiment Design Post   Lean Phase: Cost structure   Assumption: There is a cheaper way to store recycled material (other than warehouse → $150/month)   Results:   Over the course of the month the team explored numerous avenues into finding a cheaper solution to store collected waste, from considering alternative warehouse solutions to contacting construction companies.   Initially the team played with the idea of purchasing used shipping...

Phoebe Chilman
by Phoebe Chilman
0 Votes
Comments 0
Phoebe Chilman

Reference to the Experiment Design Post   Lean Phase: Revenue streams, solution   Assumption: 1. The plastic outsourcing option with Ximenes is financially viable   Results: A comprehensive financial analysis was completed to determine the financials of the deal with Star Products (Jose Deolindo Ximenes). This analysis shows the amount of revenue that can be obtained from different bag situations and having the amount of bottle income easily modifiable.   A...

by Phoebe Chilman
0 Votes
Comments 0
Phoebe Chilman
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